Subtitle: Can our population grow in the sky?
Description: Report about overpopulation and blimps. Author: 2008, Robomoon, administered in Germany. Editing and improvements by: (still open). --- File created with http://txt2tags.sourceforge.net/online.php
Too many people destroy nature. Now, there should be not only requests for a better solution which helps to control birth rates! So this is the announcement of a better solution with travel by air. It should support family planning in critical areas. Medical products and consumer-oriented advice are very useful for family planning. Actually, we realize the importance of medical products and advice in critical areas. Satellites are for the observation, but not for direct access to areas on the ground. Wherever areas are hard to access by ground travel, airship can be a realistic alternative. Please be invited to participate in the development of Vertical Growth.
This report could be integrated into a topic like "population growth direction" in connection with human rights for the lower educated classes. It's for those who feel that overpopulation of humans is real. Without trying another grassroots idea for people with a specific level of intelligence and education, people have the right to dedicate their dreams and ideas to a vehicle that moves slowly in fairly low altitudes. No dangerous interferences with normal aviation and space projects must be expected. Now, during the beginning of the 21st Century, there is a population of humans which is still growing too fast and a population of plants and animals which is shrinking too fast.
Even if our ongoing growth is needed by whatever reason, it went into the wrong direction. Horizontal expansion goes into areas where plants and animals are living. Something destroys ecology. Our fast accelerating population growth has started the mass extinction of many useful plants and animals. The destruction of the environment where plants and animals were at home is horrible. The right direction of our population growth is towards the sky. Well, it's vertical expansion. Tall buildings, especially skyscrapers, are a good solution for that. Actually we need another good solution next to them: Special blimps for a vertical expansion of traveling humans. These days, horizontal expansion has led to overpopulation and it's the wrong direction for further growth. Please, no further streets in the remaining areas of rainforest, but routes for the airship above!
This is version 0.57 on August 27, 2009. Versions below 1.0 are written by Robomoon alone. The initial author of this report is rather a dreamer but a professional writer. His grammar and punctuation is bad. However, he wants to distribute his fantasies in English as a foreign language. It's somehow international. Any possible writer who has proper English skills is allowed to change this report up to the state of version 1.0 and higher. When the writer prefers to change the grammar of this report and agrees to publish it, editing and further publishing can be done without any expressed permission by the owner of rights on this piece of literature.
Vertical Growth describes aviation technology that should be outlined to change the direction of population growth. http://shintoist.com/vertical.txt leads to a new draft of the report while http://shintoist.com/vertical.htm leads to an officially published version below 1.0. Publishing date of version 0.1 was December 2007. Versions below 0.3 were in a raw state of development. A version below 1.0 misses the "smart growth" category. Without promising too much, ideas for a better culture of air travel in a properly edited version will effect a sustainable change in culture.
Anyone is allowed to edit this report and improve its writing style
and content. So it's exempted from copyright restrictions only for
improvements in English grammar and a better description of airship for
logistics in general. All rights for any other purpose reserved by the
initial author. Longterm archival for cybernetic purposes revokes this
reservation. Good grammar and new ideas for blimps can help to make a
peer review more likely. Please send requests by email to
robomoon-nospam4me (while -nospam4me is @excite.com).
Pics from http://publicdomainpictures.net
Before Year 1810
For thousands of years, our population has grown in the horizontal direction. Well, that horizontal direction can be described as a curve which goes around the globe. Horizontal expansion was the default choice, since humans were forced by gravity to remain on the ground. Next to horizontal expansion, there is vertical expansion. Before the invention of a balloon which is lighter than air, vertical expansion was limited to tall buildings as well as mountains and other various places on the ground and underground of this planet. Mountains, valleys and coal mines were there for vertical expansion during ancient days of history.
Before year 1910
Overpopulation elevates the inability of the human race to mitigate the power of existential risks. Too many humans rely on one and the same nutrition on Earth which are biological forms of life and their products. It's not only that humans alter the ecology very much; greater changes can happen due to the epitome of a cosmic impact catastrophe. It's not only that the industry has gas emissions which could trigger global warming; an even more dangerous emission of a greenhouse gas could be triggered by big objects from space which will be way more devastating than the 1908 Tunguska event.
In 1908 a cataclysm occurs in the central Siberian area of Russia. A glowing object in the sky crashes to the earth and explodes into flames, destroying a large forested area and more than a thousand reindeer. The origin of that bang remains a mystery. Source: THE TUNGUSKA EXPLOSION OF 1908 http://www.grisda.org/origins/09082.htm by Geoscience Research Institute, 1982, Mark W. Brazo and Steven A. Austin at the Institute for Creation Research, California, USA.
Source: Santos Dumont and His Air Ship http://selfinger.com/fp/art/dirig.htm by W. L. McALPIN, an article about Santos Dumont and his air ship. 2003, Bob Selfinger has transcribed it from a source that is well over 100 years old. The article was published in a magazine in December of 1901. What people reading it did not know was that the airplane was right around the corner (Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk, 1903), but at one point Santos Dumont was a fearless conqueror of the sky.
Extraction, summary with interesting details:
Dumont had in the last few years of the 1800s been drawing some attention to himself with his attempts to gain control over an ellipsoid filled with a gas which is lighter than air. On multiple occasions he only narrowly escaped death. His 1st blimp collapsed and he plunged to the ground from nearly 1,500 feet. On October 19, 1901 he stunned the world with his "Santos Dumont VI" by maneuvering perfectly above Paris, and then even landed right back at the same spot he had taken off from.
The envelope of the balloon (blimp during later days) weighs 247 pounds, including the valve placed near the front. This has two lids, sixteen inches in diameter, which are opened and closed by means of a cord. The valve is used to allow the hydrogen to escape in case its lifting power should become too great, and to allow the gas to escape after the balloon has reached the ground. From the upper part of the balloon run two emergency cords, conducted to the aeronaut by means of pulleys, which enable him in moments of danger to rip open the balloon and thus allow the hydrogen to escape in large quantities. Santos Dumont has found it necessary to do this several times.
In the interior of the balloon proper is fastened a smaller balloon, or ballonnet, as the French call it, having a capacity of eighty cubic yards, filled with air. This compensates the variation in the volume of the hydrogen, which augments or decreases as the air ship mounts or descends. As it is of the utmost importance that the great bag should be kept rigid, air is pumped into the compensating ballonnet through a silk tube in proportion as the hydrogen contracts. The balloon itself, 108 feet long, 19.5 feet in diameter, is provided with two automatic valves, which permit the hydrogen to escape when the pressure becomes dangerous.
Before Year 1930
Recent progress in the development of motorized aircraft makes it possible to move freely into the sky. The sky is no longer an exclusive domain for flying insects and birds. Next to vertical expansion into the upper direction, humans are digging deeper into the earth. Especially coal mines are the places of great expansion down into the surface layer of this planet. Vertical growth towards the lower direction acquires the rather limited space of the deep sea.
In 1917, Otis Barton dived to the harbor bottom at Cotuit, Massachusetts. He weighed himself down with rocks and sandbags while wearing a self-made helmet, a wooden box with glass windows. Breathing air was forced down from the surface by means of a bicycle pump. A decade later, Barton had blueprinted a spherical deep sea vessel. Source: The Eternal Darkness: A Personal History of Deep-Sea Exploration http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/s6776.html by Princeton University Press, 2007, Robert D. Ballard with Will Hively, 2000.
In 1928, Barton showed Beebe his idea for a deep sea vessel, a hollow sphere for cable suspension. Barton explained that a sphere would be the shape best suited to withstand the crushing deep-ocean pressure, which bears down equally from all directions. Beebe christened their diving chamber a bathysphere, joining the Greek word for deep to sphere. Source: Underwater Exploration http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/beebe.html at the Inventor of the Week Archive by Massachusetts Institute of Technology, April, 2002.
Some vessels go down and up again while others go vice versa. In order to go up first, airship for the commercial transportation of passengers require a huge amount of lifting gas. The price of helium exceeds the price of hydrogen in almost any instance. But it's reckless to build a hydrogen-airship for lower costs than a comparable vessel which rises with helium. Usage of hydrogen requires higher expenses for security. For instance, a gondola which can be detached from the hull after an emergency landing, bounce memory for a crash landing, fire-resistant materials, safekeeping of hydrogen inside fire-resistant bags with an anti-combustion shield around, and additional security precautions.
Next to the aforementioned security for crew and passengers, there are further costs to protect the outside world. The mooring mast should be strongly anchored to keep a parking airship safely tethered during strong winds. Departure, grounding, and landing during strong winds and thunderbolts require reliable handling of mooring cables and special anchorage. All this and more raises costs which can be set off in the long run by a cheaper refill of hydrogen instead of helium.
Asbestos in the smoking room on the lower deck of the R101 offers barely enough security against a wrecked hull on fire. Literature: R101 - G - FAAW; Interior Details http://www.aht.ndirect.co.uk/airships/interior/R101Interior.htm by Airship Heritage Trust, 1997-2006. In the summer of 1929, Japanese farmers out in their fields hear the distant drone of engines. Looking up, they see a Zeppelin sailing towards them, perceived as a giant UFO. Literature: The Day Graf Zeppelin Landed In Tsuchiura http://www.alientimes.org/Main/TheDayGrafZeppelinLandedInTsuchiura Tim Boyle for Issue: July 2004, Alien Times.
A plane of 10 meters in length makes 200 kilometers per hour without trouble. That's a speed which an airship of ten times that length couldn't top. Such a plane goes 100 kilometers per hour without fullspeed, so it's machines make less the noise than those of an airship which goes the same speed. An airship for nothing but fast air transportation competes against the airplane. The hull of an airplane doesn't need to be bulky and better aerodynamics win the race. Due to speed competition with the plane, too many designs of large airship have failed to add enough features against a dangerous outbreak of fire in vessels which are using hydrogen gas for buoyancy. Ammonia or methane too? A different issue are the noisy machines and propellers when the airship is rushing along which disturb passengers and the outside world.
Before Year 1960
Constructions like the Boerentoren and the Empire State Building in the industrialized countries have shown that tall buildings can remain for a long time. Urban sprawl contributes to the destruction of the rainforest. Therefore, tall buildings present an architectural alternative to urban sprawl.
Measures of destruction are hard to verify. However, as an example in one region of rainforest: In South and Southeast Asia between 1860 and 1950, 216,000 sq km of forest and 62,000 sq km of interrupted or open forest were destroyed for cropland. As an example of even greater proportions: Perhaps a further 2,350,000 sq km of tropical forest was lost between 1920 and 1949. In the tropical world the massive expansion of population by more than half-a-billion on a base of 1.1 billion resulted in extensive clearing for subsistence, accompanied by an expansion of commercial plantation agriculture. Source: THE HISTORY OF DEFORESTATION, http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-76402663.html at HighBeam Encyclopedia by Michael Williams for History Today on July 1, 2001.
Satellites in the orbit make it easy to envision our vertical expansion towards outer space or different celestial bodies. Nothing seems impossible anymore. Even not a walk on the Moon or the colonization of Mars. Five billion humans on Earth cannot deny their destructive forces. Four billion humans on Earth and two billions on Mars might be the preferred evolution against overpopulation. In the 50s, Darrell Romick developed Project METEOR, a plan to service an orbiting space station of some twenty-thousand people. METEOR is an acronym for Manned Earth-Satellite Terminal Evolving from Earth-to-Orbit Ferry Rockets. METEOR Junior is the reusable rocket. Source: Darrell Romick: Genuine space pioneer http://www.twcac.org/onlinehorizon/canton_rep/romick.htm at WCAC by Denise Sautters for CantonRep, 2002.
1956, Malcolm Ross and Lee Lewis did the first Strato Lab High I balloon flight in a pressurized gondola. They ascended above 23 kilometers under the first plastic 56634-cubic-meter balloon, breaking Orvil Anderson and Albert Stevens' 1935 altitude record. The Office of Naval Research applied thin polyethylene film for this balloon. Resources: Chronology of Human Space Exploration http://www.ispyspace.com/1956_to_1960.html by Gregory Kennedy for ISpySpace, 2007. Balloons as Forerunners of Spaceflight and Exploration http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Lighter_than_air/Balloons_and_Space/LTA17.htm by Linda Voss for the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, 2003.
Before Year 1980
Rockets bring astronauts to outer space. But wait. Are space technologies for vertical expansion affordable anywhere? Aren't rockets much too fast for an economic colonization of regions in the sky below the orbit? For normal people who are unable to join the elite of astronauts, the flight to space remains a big dream. Instead, a great demand for trips into the sky are fulfilled by conventional aircraft from companies like Boeing and Lufthansa.
45 laboratory rats flew for 22 days in the year 1973 aboard the biosatellite COSMOS 605. Lab investigations of generative organs carried out postflight show that an exposure of the rats to microgravity and other space flight factors induced no morphological changes in the spermatogenic tissue or disorders in the spermatogenic process of the rats. The offspring of male rats that were exposed to microgravity does not differ from the controls with respect to the number of the newborns, weight at birth, resistance to hypoxia, etc. Literature: Effect of 22-day space flight factors on the state of the sex glands and reproductive capacity of rats http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=retrieve&db=pubmed&list_uids=979120 by Plakhuta-Plakutina, Serova, Dreval', Tarabrin, at Kosmicheskaya Biologiya i Aviakosmicheskaya Meditsina in Sep-Oct, 1976 ;10(5):40-7. Preliminary results of examinations of rats after a 22-day flight aboard the Cosmos-605 biosatellite http://lib.bioinfo.pl/pmid:1115738 by Ilyin, Serova, Portugalov, Tigranyan, Savina, Gayevskaya, Kondratyev, Noskin, Milyavsky, Yurov, for Aviat Space Environ Med. 1975, at BioInfoBank Library.
Weightlessness and other space flight factors cannot completely purge the fertility of astronauts. Nevertheless, the actual state of research still indicates that the thread of conception, pregnancy, and birth, remains an incalculable jeopardy in space. Astronauts fly to an isolated region above the ground which is actually too far away from the kindergarten. An isolated region above the ground which is less dangerous to fertility than a space station should be airship. So a fleet of jointed blimps must be there to find out more about the procreation of humans in terrestrial regions between earth and space. The US Navy has accomplished a study about terrestrial airship what is called the HASPA program. Research included solar cells and fuel cells to run the vessel's engine.
In 1966, a night sign of the Goodyear logo was developed and made its debut on the Mayflower, one in a series of advertising blimps. The night sign "Skytacular", which consisted of 1,540 colored lights per side, was so successful that the larger envelope for the GZ-20 blimp was designed. Primary material for the envelope is neoprene-impregnated polyester fabric, two ply. A previous model was the GZ-19 Mayflower, enlarged to the 4171-cubic-meter GZ-19A type. Sources: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WINGFOOT LAKE AIRSHIP BASE http://www.goodyearblimp.com/history/wingfoot.html at The Goodyear Blimps by Rendall Brown for the LTA Society, 1996-2006. A History of Ships Named Enterprise http://starchive.cs.umanitoba.ca/?SNE/ at The STArchive by David Wells, 2001. Dreams as Big as the Blimp http://www.ohioana.org/features/connections/kwillardson.asp at Ohioana Library Association by Kimberly Willardson for Ohio Connections Literary Exhibit, 2005-2008.
Before Year 1990
Thousands of airplanes start and land every day. Travel agencies offer flights to millions of potential customers. Most of airplanes have a very limited capacity to fly slowly and no potential in the sky to stop and wait. The ongoing high speed of airplanes costs a lot of aviation fuel. So a durable expansion in the vertical direction is falling short with them. Helicopters are better outlined for slow air travel. However, they constantly maintain buoyancy with running engines which cost a lot of aviation fuel too.
Blimps, which can travel slowly in any horizontal direction without a great amount of fuel, are much less observed. And those observed carry large advertisement banners. For the transportation of goods as usual, a blimp seems to be too slow and its lifting capacity quite insufficient. Some experts have assembled enough know-how to equip an airship with flexible thin-film solar panels which have at least 20 percent the efficiency of fixed solar panels. However, solar panels can be observed on the roofs of some houses.
In the 2nd half of the 20th Century, practically all the very large blimps have obtained their buoyancy from helium. This non-combustible gas enables security against the outbreak of fire. Rising prices due to an increasing risk of helium shortages make it likely that this gas will be much more expensive than hydrogen. Since Jacques Charles' balloon flight in 1783, hydrogen was preferrable as a cold lifting gas for more than a Century. Like any other combustible gas or liquid, hydrogen is flammable, and even explosive under certain conditions. References: "Periodic Table Live!" http://genchem.chem.wisc.edu/lab/PTL/PTL/Elements/He/He.html by GenChem at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2008. Hydrogen as a Fuel for Automobiles and Other Vehicles http://mb-soft.com/public2/hydrogen.html by Johnson, C., Physicist, 2008. FAQs at Hydrogen Facts http://www.hydrogennow.org/Facts/FAQs.htm by "Hydrogen Now!", 2002.
A study about BUZ AIRSHIP suggests security for hydrogen as a lifting gas. Its ventilated double envelope cuts down on super heating of hydrogen gas. Air enters the double envelope space and leaves at the stern of the hull. The airstream removes any lingering hydrogen between the envelopes. However, there is a gas detection system. Even when a fire breaks through the double wall outer hull, there is enough time to dump fuel and cargo during the descend. The gondola is made of a fire resistant material and its floor is located at ground level. Source: The need to return to hydrogen in airships http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=406&gTable=mtgpaper&gID=97496 by Bredt, M., Buz Airship Co., New Orleans, LA, for the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, p. 74 of paper 1985-873, in Technical Papers (A85-38776 18-01) p. 73-77, Lighter-Than-Air Systems Conference, 6th, Norfolk, VA, June 26-28, 1985.
Before Year 1995
Vertical growth of the Internet stems from a rapidly growing number of web surfers who don't need to pay much to keep their personal computers online.
Web browsers like Mosaic and Netscape are of public interest. They are easy to install on a commercial operating system for personal computers. Such browsers are enhanced by programs which control a modem for dial-up and connection to an Internet Service Provider. Hardware for web browsing can be a desktop computer, modem and a telephone connection. Something represents a client which connects to a web server via telephone line. A few web servers are enough for thousands of clients.
Access to web pages is easy with a browser's graphical interface. Home computer users can surf a worldwide computer network with little or no knowledge about Unix, the X Window System and the command line interface. Equipped with such a powerful communications equipment, it should be easy for the public to buy stock papers at an online broker and make proper investments into new airship technologies. But before they can go so far, they are going to loose their money with investments into a dot-com hype which supports the development of cable Internet, broadband and wireless networking.
An investment-rush can be expected due to new features of online brokerage. So it is acceptable when some specific sun rays can be owned by a single stock corporation. Unfortunately, sun-dot-com stands for something else but a celestial body. But anyway, most consumers are unable to value the importance of solar energy for aviation without a couple of promising business reports about sun shares. So if solar panels on blimps are badly rated by economists, could some specific advertisements on blimps change that attitude?
Hit it and it makes "blimp". There is no rigid keel, no frame made of light metal, no nothing. Only lifting gas, ballonets, and a catenary curtain are inside the non-rigid envelope. When it wobbles slowly in the sky, it has the real potential as an environment-friendly alternative. Not for the transportation of freight, but in any case as a habitat for travelling people. What could stop a blimp from cruising around for weeks? When it moves slowly and solar cells feed an electric engine, there is no need for a quick arrival.
Small blimps are made of thin fabric. Medium sized blimps can be made of fairly thin fabric too. But a big blimp's envelope has an awfully huge surface. When the fabric of a big blimp's envelope stretches, there's a lot of tension. When the wind is blowing, the tension damages a thin fabric easily. Thus, the fabric must be extra strong. Of cause, an envelope made of extra strong fabric is very heavy. But very heavy fabric reduces lifting performance as well as the grade of inflation. Economically, two envelopes, each half the size of a big blimp, make usage of cheaper fabric a default choice.
Valeriy Polyakov holds the record for the longest spaceflight, staying aboard the Mir space station for more than 14 months. That means less than one bottle of vodka per month. That's harder than a half-year travel aboard a blimp which carries a large avertisement for beer. Or, at least, hard as a one-year travel aboard a blimp which carries a small avertisement for beer.
Masahiko Onda, Professor of engineering, has less intention to make a manned flight depending on advertisements. According to Electronic Airship, an article by Justin Mullins, the New Scientist Print Edition, November 1995, Prof. Onda creates the prototype of an unmanned vessel which is only the size of a double-decker bus. At least, the magazine shows the word "double-decker" in the article! Of cause, there is a different purpose: Power! Microwaves sent by a broadcasting dish on the ground power the airship. No fool and no fuel to fool around. One of many possible tasks to make use out of those microwave beams: Small electric blimps without a battery, but with an outlasting operating time to lift robots for maintenance and repair of greater blimps during mooring operations.
Before Year 2000
Governments aren't only dot-gov's, and so it's with the dot-net's. CBCN, the Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, receives the message World's Biodiversity Becoming Extinct at Alarming Rate http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/en/news/archive/press_ibc2.html from through the biodiv-conv http://126.96.36.199/hpg/envis/doc97html/biodbiod515.html list server. Message content is an article about a paper which was released by Professor Peter Raven, President of the XVI International Botanical Congress. The article's title: World's biodiversity becoming extinct at levels rivaling Earth's past 'mass extinctions'. Subtitle: International Botanical Congress President Calls for Seven-Point Plan To Reverse Alarming Rates of Plant Species Losses. Publisher and place: XVI International Botanical Congress, hosted by the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis. Date: August 2, 1999.
Regarding long forecasts, it must be arranged that Peter Raven's paper is getting wrong, just like Paul Ehrlich's book The Population Bomb. Both professors who founded the field of coevolution made predictions in different fields, times, and schedules. According to Raven, between one-third and two-thirds of all plant and animal species, most in the tropics, will be lost during the second half of the 21st century. Resume: The current extinction rate is now approaching 1,000 times the background rate and may climb to 10,000 times the background rate. Species loss can be estimated even when the members of many groups of organisms are relatively poorly known because of the logarithmic relationship between species number and the area in which they live. Extraction: "Human efforts have been notable for their lack of attention to the living world that supports us all," said Raven, who is also Director of the Missouri Botanical Garden.
The school of life provides a hard training where those on the dot-edu -the Internet- can only win and those on the dot-com -the World Wide Web- can only loose. But the children of the information age will take their broken wings and learn to fly again. And when they are adults, they'll feel comfortable with cyber sex like the poor people in developing African countries feel comfortable with real sex. Regarding the latter, birth rates in Africa are extremely high. Also in some Asian countries where the population expands wherever there is a floor. Too much traffic? Even if a stay in the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong or Republic Plaza in Singapore is not on your schedule, just fly. And when there is no education to fly with the NASA, just access a travel agency online to choose among Boeing and Lufthansa.
By the way, NASA goes back to Mars while the former children of the information age go back to their TV sets. No remote control, no big screen. That's multimedia. And no investment for you to escape from that one world government after Netscape, surfers! There is only one religious leader for humans and only one commercial Operating System for desktop computers. The academic network knows anything, others know nothing. The information age is aging and the population is rather unaware about the effects of their overpopulation: Mass extinction of many thousands of important plants and animals on this planet!
Brewing rocket fuel on the Moon? Doesn't work! Terraforming Mars? Doesn't work! Only professional scientists know how to lead that dangerous population growth towards the right direction. With one genetically engineered virus. Game over! But wait, aren't there organizations after the dot-com hype who promise a really useful airship technology? For e.g., a blimp that consumes it's own lifting gas to get heavy for a comfortable landing like the famous LZ 129 Hindenburg. Non-inflammable for security, of cause.
The European Space Agency ESA has the info "Airships to Complement Satellite and Terrestrial Systems" for the press. ESA, together with DASA, Lindstrand Balloons and the TU of Delft, have completed a first assessment of a concept for High-Altitude Long-Endurance (HALE) aerostatic craft. Solar cells covering the upper, sun-oriented parts of the airship skin. They feed an electric engine, which drives a propeller, and feed energy into an electrolyser, from which converted hydrogen gas goes into a regenerative fuel cell. So it is believed that current prototypes of terrestrial airship feed analytical emergency into brain cells of fools who think that fuel isn't regenerative. Oh, these fool cells! Anyway, according to an article http://www.lindstrand.co.uk/hale.html from Lindstrand Balloons Ltd., the much earlyer HASPA concept was almost identical to ESA's HALE.
Before Year 2005
Biodiversity offers genetic diversity, because of many different species. The human race exists because (and not despite) of a great biodiversity. Biodiversity formed the genetic code of human beings. Biodiversity provides humans with nourishment for basic survival. Now, humans lower biodiversity so far as if their own intelligence disables them to think in a responsible manner. Human intelligence misuses Universities to get academic degrees more than is apparent due to accreditation in connection with one world religion.
Slums are growing in Manila, capital of the Philippines. While airplanes can't slow down to support a detailed overview on the growing slums in Manila and humans who keep on removing the rest of Philippine Rainforest, funds intended for the purchase of contraceptives in the country were diverted to other health expenses or to programs who stood for periodic abstinence. Those programs which are called "natural family planning" (a misguiding name to its purpose) were run by third parties who are often connected to officials of one world religion. Despite of missing occasions to make periodic abstinence efficient in cases of insufficiently scheduled reproduction activities and non-consensual pregnancies, the distribution of contraceptives is restricted by the power of Local Government Units.
Bacteria, which are key for the survival of mammals, are growing well in areas of great biodiversity. Bacteria are required for the digestion of food and the purification of drinking water. Some important pharmaceutical products were made with usage of bacteria. Rainforest is useful for the natural development of bacteria, just because of highest biodiversity. The amount of rainforest is much smaller than it was before, just because of deforestation done for farming. Due to deforestation, humans have eliminated the chance for a faster development of better medical products. Thus, they have downgraded the development of products for life-extension.
Apes and monkeys are very useful for the testing of important pharmaceutical products. Next to this, they are hosts of various bacteria and viruses which jump over to humans when the diversity of lower mammals is shrinking. The process is being reversed when common human viruses are killing the few apes that remain in the wild. The HIV virus is the best example of this process. Despite of much available information about the many dangerous ills that AIDS has caused, people have no clue about HIV.
The rainforest is getting smaller and smaller. Why don't these companies sell airship to hover above the rainforest within a luxurious business travel? Better for nature and better for business. At first, let's explore the technical progress in Germany. Then check out the futuristic ideas from companies in America. One goal: A new airship. The Zeppelin Luftschifftechnik GmbH has new airship technology in production. They sell semi-rigid airship made in Germany and leave the selling of shares to other ventures. So the Cargolifter AG was about to build an airship too. Rigid construction like the Hindenburg. Burns not as good but doesn't lift as good. At least, they had no problems in selling shares to provide an income for the better investors and get bankrupt for the dumber investors.
JP Aerospace had no problems at all when no wind was blowing. These windless days were suitable for their balloons to lift a spacecraft up into the sky. But next to these hitech companies, there are others who move around with ordinary blimps. Do we know them? Oh yeah, there are Good Year, Budweiser, THE PALM, FUJIFILM and many others. It's printed directly on the blimps.
So why don't enhance the lifting capacity of blimps with multihull design to broaden their usage? But in difference to multihull sailboats, the common trimaran airship are a single hull with three integrated inflatable envelopes. Now we should realize why there are no trimaran blimps with separate envelopes. A GoodYear-Budweiser-FUJIFILM blimp would certainly be too much a hype. Anyway, separate envelopes make the trimaran much wider than the equivalent monohull. So they are harder to control when the wind blows. May be two separate envelopes instead of three easy enough to control? Well, World SkyCat Ltd has developed a catamaran. But no separate envelopes too. It is a wonder why there is no concept like a double-decker airship anywhere. A dual hull airship, for e.g., with a fairly large higher hull and a fairly large lower hull. Are people afraid of double-decker airship? Or is it even too hard for beer drinkers to tolerate a GoodYear-Budweiser blimp or a Budweiser-FUJIFILM blimp?
Anywhere else? One patent from Italian inventors, publication number: WO/2004/016503, deals with two separate envelopes. The title is Dual Hull Airship Controlled by Thrust Vectoring. That concept requires two envelopes side by side instead one above the other. Just a catamaran with no gondola at the bottom. Since the heavy center from a gondola is less effective in such a construction, it's harder to control than a simple double-decker. Too hard, but nice.
Before Year 2007
A small population of humans has difficulties to create a useful shield against a great existential risk. But a great population of humans is about to become a great existential risk to their own species. Those who force the destruction of the Earth are very well an overpopulation spot.
ARC http://arc-space.org/ Alliance to Rescue Civilization is showing a great deal of information about worldwide security. The goal is to keep secure backups of scientific and cultural achievements, as well as the species important to our civilization. Academic experts recommend the inner space on the Moon or another manned site off our planet. Especially Lunar space is the most frequently mentioned environment which is required after a great catastrophe on Earth. Something includes the complete destruction of those forms of life which are greater than microbes.
Scientists avoid an interactive information exchange between their organization and lower educated people. Space technology is complicated, so it's not the job of scientists to give simple answers to our questions. First question: Why not Mars? Scientists have no duty to respond, so we must give us a simple answer.
Further links: Prof. R. Shapiro http://www.robertshapiro.org/work3.htm An Alliance to Rescue Civilization. Search http://www.search.com/reference/Alliance_to_Rescue_Civilization reference. Science Central http://www.sciencecentral.com/site/432066 about ARC and related sites. The New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/01/science/01arc.html?_r=1&oref=slogin Life After Earth.
Mars is bigger than the Moon. Mars is supposed to carry a sufficient amount of water, because there is more gravity. Lunar gravity is less powerful, so the water is easily evaporating into space. So it's more likely to find water on Mars than on the Moon. Whatever technology in use on the Moon, it requires a heavy industry to extract tons of hydrogen and oxygen out of lunar stones and dust. It looks like as if some water must be imported. In case of a global destruction, water must be imported from remaining pieces of the Earth or from asteroids and comets.
Airship pilots sit in a gondola. During a travel, it looks like as if they sit in an artificial biosphere. Thus, a closed gondola with an internal supply of air and water can be turned into a "portable biosphere". There we got what can be tested without a space station: A biosphere for the Moon.
Advertizing blimps take the lower airways and we like to look at them when they travel along in altitudes of less than 500 meters. One fleet of large airship for commercial advertizing travels for The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company. Actually, three helium-filled blimps represent the fleet, all with the legendary Goodyear name which makes the company very well remembered by the public.
Links: Goodyear http://www.goodyearblimp.com/fleet/ blimps. Encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goodyear_Blimp article.
Blimps with a disposable lifting capacity of more than one ton require a very skillful handling for successful mooring operations. One ton is enough for an efficient use in biosphere research. Fleet management allows the distribution of equipment among many blimps. One blimp carries the core biosphere while others carry water purification systems and air cleaning equipment. They join to support the biosphere with water and clean air.
Protected areas -and islands- enable a sustainable biodiversity. Pro-Natura International does scientific research in forests where many different plants and animals live. Blimps bring scientists directly to the canopy of tropical forests. Those blimps get above the tree-tops with hot air as a lifting gas. Something lowers the cost of released lifting gas where the blimp can be folded and packed away after a short mission.
Usage of a gas burner turns normal air into a hot lifting gas. Burning gas keeps the blimp's inner air hot enough for lifting and travel. Within a long mission, helium and hydrogen turn out to be cheaper than hot air, because they don't require the steady usage of a burner. Helium blimps should be better for a continuing observation and security in protected areas. Hydrogen gas as a source of energy for blimps makes a sustainable management of natural resources more likely.
Large quantities of deforestation are showing the reality of overpopulation. Pro-Natura has demonstrated that research with blimps is broadening scientific knowledge about our reality. So they have developed Green-Charcoal, an alternative energy, using agricultural residues and unused biomass. Therefore, they fight disinformation about the side-effects of overpopulation to inform readers at their home page http://www.pronatura.org/ sufficiently: Two billion people around the world use wood for household energy needs.
Further links: http://peopleandplants.org/whatweproduce/Handbooks/handbook4/international.htm http://www.dendronautics.org/page6.htm http://www.solvinpvc.com/solvinservices/news/0,,49982-2-0,00.htm http://www.geocities.jp/prosylva/en.frame.html http://www.engwald.homepage.t-online.de/Gabun.htm
Before Year 2008
A message from the top commented at the bottom.
Dr. Lori Marino, member of the Neuroscience Scientific Advisory Board at the Lifeboat Foundation, blogged to http://lifeboat.com/blog/?p=85 | Title: Preserving other species with whom we share the planet | July 17th, 2007
Extraction and summary: One part of the message states that the Lifeboat Foundation informs people about technologies to support our species? survival in the future. However, people may not be doing enough for other species. Chimpanzees may be extinct in the wild in 50 years and it's our fault. The question of survival is not only physical and psychological in nature, but also survival of our integrity. And while efforts to preserve the DNA of threatened species are good, they should not lull us into complacency about the future for other species. A further part of the message is from the BIOPRESERVER PAGE which states that we are currently in the midst of the sixth great mass extinction event. The die-off of species is occurring at 100 to 1000 times the natural background rate. Complexity of the ecosystems may limit our ability to respond once species do meet extinction. The BioPreserver would like to preserve both crucial genetic material of endangered animals and their present lives and habitats. The Frozen Ark Project by the University of Nottingham, Natural History Museum, Zoological Society of London, and others would support these joint efforts.
Message-Bottom and Comment-Top
One comment by robomoon (link to shintoist.com integrated) July 20th, 2007
Indeed, the horrible mass extinction of plants and animals is due to farming and further human activities of colonization. Many ecologically sensitive places in the countries were turned into arable land. Some of former arable land turns into deserts. But if you want to preserve endangered plants and animals and make their habitats secure, please be invited to support the Inflatable Reflectives Network. Actually, we need written English language support for the pages at Irnet.Info to edit the text of the articles and reports towards a better grammar.
Why? Because the Inflatable Reflectives Network can live without a manned lunar base. Space colonization is important, but there is neither a good microtech for a manned lunar base nor a good microtech for a large artificial base in free outer space. Self-replicating automata can be better, even when there is no nanotech that digests moon rocks.
It is far better to develop new ideas for balloons and airship instead of backing up living subjects of human civilization on the moon. As we know, mars is supposed to carry the necessary amount of hydrogen for a reasonable space colonization. Not the moon! So we have to drop manned projects on the moon for the sake of a cheaper robot technology. No terraforming on the martian biosphere, but an economic development of some underground biospheres on mars where our plants and animals can find their home.
Big risks encourage the creation of a portable biosphere for usage off the Earth. Big experiments with particle colliders are the reason for that. Big cities are what people need, but they offer no bigger security against destruction of our planet like any other place. So there must be a biosphere in blimps for research which space stations alone can't accomplish. Without, there is a big calculation to make in addition to a Trillion Dollars funding for the ISS.
1st source: Times Online, Times Newspapers Ltd. Big Bang at the atomic lab after scientists get their maths wrong http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article1626728.ece April, 2007.
LHC, the biggest particle accelerator had a banging which lifted a 20-ton magnet off its mountings. Not a real big bang in it, but only a small demonstration of what a big mistake with a particle accelerator can provide. After all, it looked like a big scientific discovery and a step closer to the power of a real big bang. Big progress for anyone, because we fit in altogether. All that is required to make dangerous scientific experiments even more dangerous is a bigger bang due to a little mathematical tweaking for faster collisions. No big advantage when anyone thinks that this cheap solution costs nothing but life on Earth. An astronaut can make the best out of it. After the banging, anyone may be big. All the big information providers just say that a big black hole in which we get nanosize will probably never happen.
2nd source: Risk Evaluation Forum, The Potential for Danger in Particle Collider Experiments, abstracted for posting on the forum http://www.risk-evaluation-forum.org/anon1.htm March, 2005
Big thinkers at the LHC are studying the physics which, if properly applied, don't lead from overpopulation to a population of zero in less than 10 seconds. Big amount of useful information about it in the Risk Evaluation Forum, expecting the chance of an accident (of which a small one actually happened during an experiment). Reason enough to expect that the long awaited gigatons force will be banging with a LHC. So what have the big leaders accomplished for bigger security? Well, they keep a big bunch of hydrogen bags away from blimps. Why? Because math indicates that a big amount of flying hydrogen bags can harm a big number of passengers, including the drunken pilot and those in the big VIP compartments.
Nature and Family Planning
Organizations who want the diversity of many different species in ecology do well when they have a close look on those organizations who give advice to those who are potentially involved in population growth. There is no bigger organization than UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, that can assist in family planning on a global scale. Their research and action in the field of long-term sustainability of many different creatures should be much higher in priority.
1st source: UNFPA 2006, the annual report by UNFPA, publication date: 2007. ISBN: 0-89714-812-6
Resume and critics
Since the number of poor people is growing in developing countries, politicians make commitments to improve living standards. UNFPA is the largest international source of population assistance to developing countries. Their report shows great financial commitment from 180 countries around the world. The largest donation came from the Netherlands. Assistance for reproductive health was the greatest of regular expenditures made by UNFPA. Indices to show environmental problems which are related to overpopulation were not among major topics.
2nd source: State of World Population 2007, Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth, by UNFPA, publication date: 2007. ISBN: 978-0-89714-807-8
Resume and critics
What UNFPA predicts, challenges cities to improve their potential. Cities concentrate poverty and embody the environmental damage done by modern civilization. If cities create environmental problems, they also contain the solutions for long-term sustainability. How great the environmental damages are and how the growth of cities should be directed in terms of logistics and travel isn't shown in greater detail.
Some studies of modern airship look stunningly good and aerodynamic in design. Each graphical depiction of them looks like a futuristic motor yacht, very aerodynamic in shape. Most of them seem to have the potential as an environment-friendly alternative to traditional heavier-than-air travel. Certainly they seem to be fine investment opportunities too, but the truth is: They are economical stunts to attract the attention from people who feed their concept with money. Those studies are focusing on freight and their studies always show how well an airship would operate in lifting performance. Non of these concepts is a blimp. Only rigid envelopes are chosen, because it allows to move faster and makes transportation of heavy freight easy. Speed is important in that business, no matter how much a vessel and its hangar costs. So the learning curve is very long before people are able to realize that the competition does cheaper transportation with airplane.
Before Year 2009
In the 21st Century, the population of humans is the subject of overpopulation. Roughly estimated, a bit more than six billion people. Many species of plants and animals form a useful biodiversity on earth. Some of the great civilizations of humans are dangerous to nature. Thus, they are very harmful to our biodiversity. A low biodiversity makes ecology fairly useless for humans. Thus, it increases the Risk of Human Extinction. Local problem spots can be observed in those geographical areas on earth where a dangerous civilization is. Overpopulation spots are groups of humans who exchange goods and services which are highly harmful to biodiversity.
Population density is the number of people per horizontal surface area. A sufficient indicator of overpopulation spots is the harm that a population produces. If harmful action per population density is very high, it can be called a local problem spot. Population density is exactly the number of people when the geographical area is 1. For e.g., one square kilometer or one square megameter do well for the measurement of a horizontal area. For calculation: Harmful action is HA. Dangerous civilization is DC. Population density is PD. Example: Somewhere in Africa, PD is 4 while HA is 12, so 12/4=3 as a problem spot. Somewhere in Europe, PD is 14 while HA is 34, so 34/14=2.4 as a smaller problem spot. Removal of overpopulation spots is an extraordinary measure to protect some endangered humans from extinction.
How to calculate overpopulation spots with that data? Regarding the above example (already posted to http://lifeboat.com/blog/?p=117), there are other terms which could be brought into that calculation. Birth rates and carrying capacity, for instance. If birth rates are too high for a long time, the population is going to exceed the carrying capacity of an environment. Perhaps nature will react strongly by reducing the human population with lack of food and disease. However, a problem spot of 3 is bigger than 2.4. The higher number is showing an overpopulation spot. So we should use such a number to take action in connection with local birth rates before the human race touches the maximum of worldwide carrying capacity.
When I See Carrying Capacity
So what about carrying capacity in the city? Something that introduced me to the observation of tall production facilities was an advertisement display in the subway. It announced that 30 Percent of the office space in Frankfurt a. M. are unused. In Frankfurt, my home town, are some tall buildings. When I look closer to the tallest buildings, they show the names and logos of the companies who use them. These are companies that have much to do with finance. Banks, for instance. Others are great hotels. There are also names of those companies who are actually producers of material goods. However, tall buildings are rather filled with offices where business administration for the industry is being done. So I see, there is only a very small number of companies who would like to use these tall buildings for the industrial production of material goods.
Most of facilities for mass production are very wide. There large size requires much space on the ground. One problem is the complicated construction of a tall building. The construction of a flat building is easyer than the construction of a tower. Basically, the construction of a narrow two-story building is harder to accomplish than construction of a wide one-story building. Another problem is the cost of traffic among lower and higher stories. Finally, the use of elevators consumes energy as well as time. How to turn these problems into advantages?
Cranes do a great job for the construction. Elevators do a great job for the traffic. Of cause, both are for the lifting of heavy objects. And they consume the same energy: Electricity. It's obvious that the cost of electricity draws a line in terms of lifting power. So in this case, an economic production and operation of airship requires cheap electricity. Actually, great power plants are far away from most of production facilities. Long cables are required to transport the energy. Those cables make electricity more expensive than it should be. Therefore, the best solution is when a tall building does three inside-jobs: 1st, power production. 2nd, distribution of office space. 3rd, production of goods which are useful but small.
Many resources for power production with a tall building are still open. Solar energy: An outside wall has plenty of space where solar panels can be placed through. Steam power: Mirrors around the building can reflect sunlight towards a single hot spot. Temperature exchange: Temperature below the building is much lower than a hot spot on the 2nd floor. A pump and long valves can be applied for the efficient transfer of hot and cold water. Gas: Urine can be turned into methane. Coal: Feces and other biological waste can be put in a hot chamber where it finally turns into a kind of coal. Non-biological waste can be burned as well. Finally, exhaustive gases should be collected within chemical production. Last but not least, the top of a tall building is high enough for an efficient use of wind power.
Office space in the middle of a plant where chemical production is going on is good when exhaustive gases and other chemical waste is being safely collected. It makes producers and designers of airship work close together. Such an industrial environment is good for the serial production of airship. But there is a different opportunity for travel: The center of a roof can be turned into a mooring point for double-decker airship.
After examination of various pages* featuring existential risks for living creatures, the results made clear: Most of the well-known existential risks may be very destructive within a timeframe of less than one year. Genetically engineered viruses, nuclear weapons, asteroids, etc., can eliminate a great population of mammals quite quickly. In case of such an event on a global scale, humans would be included in the list of highly endangered species. Thus, they better try to lower the risk of such a great global catastropy.
One kind of destruction that most experts rate as no big existential risk at all seems to be among the most dangerous events: The destruction of nature. Century after Century, the diversity of living creatures is getting smaller because of human activities. Destruction of living space where plants and animals are at home could be fairly impossible to reverse for thousands of years.
The ongoing mass extinction of plants and animals is hard to realize in space and time. Fact is, it had never been so fast before in the prehistorical timeframe of this planet. Despite of this, the real danger is that the destruction of nature is going on so slowly that humans are unable to react before the event turns into the greatest of all global catastrophies. Actually, humans are unable to slow down the pace of destruction to an acceptable rate. They are unable to realize the pace of destruction and the prospective exodus of ecology.
It is very hard to convince humans about their state of population growth. Just because of overpopulation, the natural resources are insufficient for the survival of a minority of humans. Most of humans are unable to take the topic "vertical growth" for real. Therefore, the ongoing destruction and poisoning of nature is becoming an existential risk for the majority of humans. Sooner or later, ecology will be in a state were healthy food for humans is very hard to produce. It may happen no sooner than forecasts have predicted it. But the extinction of the human race may definately happen because of poisened food which disables the ability to procreate. There is nutrition which contains toxical materials from fields of warfare and waste dumps. Because of higher demand for nutrition, it enters the food chain.
Sondola Against Risk
A quickly applicable solution against overpopulation may be an existential risk by itself. Nevertheless, family planning and medical products against fertility are good and efficient. Wherever medical products are inefficient, there must be additional products and services to make family planning more attractive. One useful product that has the necessary features to attract humans is an airship.
A double-decker airship moves slowly in the sky for a very long time. So it helps to observe nature from above. Passengers who work during an air travel for a long time find a blimp a convenient vehicle. Sondola Airship will bring people the necessary incentives for vertical growth without disturbing their personal beliefs and attitude.
People have no sustainable advantages with families of many children when they destroy important natural resources to feed them. Advertisements on Sondola Airship are good to raise interest in ethical family planning without violating human rights. Sondola meets the demand of travelers who need to move slowly above the rainforest. Slow travel enables intensified surveillance from a remote position as well as close control of natural resources.
Support teams can be directly brought from airport to airport. Many different possible sizes and ground conditions of the airport environment are suitable. Sondola is targeting the travel routes of those airship which are already in use for advertising and tourism. So they will share travel routes with small airplanes and helicopters without moving to higher altitudes.
Sondola Airship is the new aviation project for observation of ecology and nature. A durable dual hull equipped with solar panels. An extremely economic electrolysis of water makes the airship to produce some of its own fuel and lifting gas by itself. Dual hull design allows usage of helium and hydrogen for the same vessel. Seldom or never before had such a highly efficient usage of fuel been a realistic concept.
Storage and usage of hydrogen gas enables long cruising. Crew and passengers can stay aboard for more than a week without interruption. The rear of the airship is equipped with two capsules. One capsule above the lower envelope covers the hydrogen engine. The capsule below the envelope is equipped with compressor, power generator and electric engine. The gondola is closer to the other end of the vessel. So the gondola outweighs the capsules sufficiently.
A vessel of 100 meters in length has a cruising speed of something more than 20 kilometres per hour. The propeller goes slow enough to keep the noise low for the environment around. Slow cruising speed allows passengers to use the time of travel for work and recreation without being much disturbed by the noise. Slow cruising also lowers the engine's consumption of hydrogen. If possible, the travel should be directed where the wind is blowing through. Moving with the wind saves fuel as well.
Mooring and Maintenance
An electric winch with a mooring cable is at the gondola's bottom. There is a soft ball at the lower end of the cable which can be caught by a mooring operator. At the airport is a mooring platform fixed to the ground by an anchor. The top of the platform is a horizontal wheel. The mooring operator connects the soft ball to the horizontal wheel. When the nose of the airship is getting lower, the gondola comes close to the ground. The winch pulls the airship down and the gondola is going to rest on the wheel which is letting the airship turn in the wind.
Ballonets are inside the lower envelope. They can't be repaired without opening the skin. Both of the envelopes contain helium, but the upper one contains more of it. Therefore, the upper one keeps the airship in position when the lower one is open during a repair. So the upper one is outlined for easy maintenance from the outside. That's why ballonets or other fragile parts are inside the lower envelope.
Air travel as usual requires large quantities of aviation fuel. Airship which go for a long travel need some fuel as well. Storage of hydrogen is complicated. Storage can be in liquid form or gas. Liquid hydrogen requires storage in tanks under high pressure. Hydrogen gas can be kept inside inflatable bags under low pressure. Sondola is dedicated to improve storage of hydrogen for airship. Nanotech is complicated too, but products like thin fibers can help to make the bags for storage of hydrogen more secure and easy to use.
Nanotech makes ultra-light hydrogen bags strong enough. For the reason of automated repair, bags should be coated with rubber and hollow core plastic fibers on the outside. After an accidental puncture, small robots should be the position to climb these bags and repair the leakage. Certainly, robots which look like obese tarantula spiders are required. Robots of sizes between 5 and 20 centimeters in diameter would be small enough. Development of better structures must go on quickly. Therefore, any development which is leading to much smaller service robots must be avoided. Smaller robots are too slow, especially when they carry a repair kit.
Improvements must be made on the envelope. Catenary cables should not be directly attached to the skin. Inside the envelope should be a long part of fabric which is a flexible keel as well as a very short catenary curtain. Such a long part of fabric is the connection between catenary cables and the skin. The propeller can be turned to the left and right position as well as up and down. How far the control of cruising direction works without a movable rudder may be tested with a prototype.
Illustrated technical details: http://shintoist.com/l/index.php?blog=3&title=sondola_airship&more=1&c=1&tb=1&pb=1
One of the best tasks is to travel with the wind. Whenever possible, the blimp moves with strong winds and travels back against calm winds. Weather forecasts are required for the planning of travel routes. Sondola needs ongoing development and improvements. One strategic goal is to turn the blimp into a habitat where a crew travels for more than a month.
Long duration flights for over one month have been conducted by the National Scientific Balloon Facility, USA, who support NASA balloon flights from sites worldwide. Such unmanned balloons were launched from the National Science Foundation's McMurdo Station, Antarctica. So it looks like as if the requirements for long duration sessions of manned air travel in low altitudes can be fulfilled too. Those long duration sessions enable research on technologies for space travel without usage of an expensive space station. Thus, a compact biosphere inside a blimp enables outsourcing of various tasks within manned space missions.
Sondola requires low airways. Missions in altitudes above five kilometers are out of question. A simple ballonet as well as two bags for hydrogen gas provide a very insufficient performance in higher altitudes. So the project deals with travel routes which are lower than one kilometer. International agreements and multi-national communications are the instruments to enable a sufficiently broad usage of low airways.
However Sondola's routes will be, they embrace the development of portable biospheres. Compact design of an artificial biosphere makes manned travel with a high altitude airship more likely. Support for nature on earth, in the sky, and in space can be assured.
Small scaled prototypes of double-decker blimps must contain hot air as a lifting gas. Helium is too expensive for experiments on small prototypes. Hydrogen gas is hard to control during simple experiments, so the safe storage and handling require expensive equipment too. Such complicated things exhaust a financial budget much too early within the project.
Sondola is unique and its financial strategy reveals revolutionary aspects. A fleet of blimps is being financed with the selling of long cruising sessions. Nothing can compare to a highly effective usage of hydrogen during advanced stages of the project. Hydrogen which fuels combustion engines in blimps is the key technology. Long cruising sessions give passengers enough time for research inside portable biospheres and careful access to sensitive places in ecology.
Low space satellites require a fast orbiting speed. The lower the orbit, the higher the speed. High speed of a space station in lower orbit is hard to control. Therefore, acute needs for cruising in low altitudes came up in science and business. Sondola is in the position to meet the demand of producers and potential customers which may include scientists, inventors, politicians, security experts, and their clients. Sondola offers access to platforms in the offshore industry to secure the energy grid of nations.
Sondola was created without a direct financial commitment in 2007. It was voluntary work, based on principles of planning in response to blogged messages - http://lifeboat.com/blog/ - at the Lifeboat Foundation. One hint about an early inspiration for these efforts: In an Elementary School class, each child was given a cheap solar blimp. Normal air was required to fill the blimp and nothing but sunlight was required to make the air a lifting gas. What made the test expensive: $ - Field trip to the place where the blimps could fly. $ - Teacher's knowledge to guide the children to the test. $ - Planning with weather forecasts to find a sunny day for the trip.
Travel and knowledge are input. Commercial goods and services are output. Usage of knowledge was required right from the beginning. Real travel in Sondola Airship may happen sooner than in 2020, but this is a question of education. Blimps are long since invented and most of their technologies perfected. Now it's required to develop strategies for the financial funding of education about blimps instead of what happened very often in the past: Ripping many stockholders off their money.
Those who help to improve Vertical Growth can expect to be given exclusive rights for a certain time of cruising. Since 2007, the expected financial value should be 100 Euros per day.
Advertisements on blimps give viewers on the ground a wonderful introduction to an exclusive brand. Sondola is a brand which informs people about the importance of family planning for a sustainable human culture on Earth. According to our business strategy, it is necessary that the viewer should become a potential passenger who is gaining more knowledge about Sondola during an air travel. But when a large blimp moves close to the ground to pick up passengers, it uses much parking space. Ground space on airports is limited, so it is sometimes better to pick up passengers without usage of a mooring mast. The easy solution is a tall mooring tower where the blimp lands upon. Mooring towers are actually either unavailable for airship as usual or non-existent. So there is only the hard way to lift passengers up to the blimp with an elevator which is connected to the gondola.
Messages from the top commented at the bottom.
Ole Peter Galaasen, the editor of the Plausible Futures Newsletter (on the Lifeboat Foundation's blogroll), blogged to http://lifeboat.com/blog/?p=131 | Title: Mankind's secrets kept in lunar ark | March 8th, 2008
Extraction and summary:
One part of the message states that if civilization is wiped out on Earth, salvation may come from a lunar outpost. According to Jim (Dr. James D.) Burke, faculty member of the International Space University (ISU) in France, the terrestrial Internet, plus an Earth-Moon extension of it, should be prioritized over commercial projects. Source: 'Lunar Ark' Proposed in Case of Deadly Impact on Earth, by Kevin Holden Platt for National Geographic News http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/08/070814-lunar-ark.html August 14, 2007. Background info: AIAA Position Papers on Planetary Defense, by David Morrison for the NASA Ames Research Center http://impact.arc.nasa.gov/news_detail.cfm?ID=139 April 6, 2004. An information bank on the Moon and a remote-access toolkit to rebuild the human race were among the discussions at a symposium at ISU in Strasbourg. Background info: NASA, IPP Publications & Briefings http://www.ip.nasa.gov/reference.htm Space Solutions to Earth's Global Challenges, 12th Annual Symposium from 20 to 22 February, 2008.
Another part also shows that Dr. Bernard Foing, chief Scientist of ESA's 'Research and Scientific Support Department (RSSD)' and the executive director of the 'International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILEWG)', talked about the information bank which would include hard discs holding DNA sequences and critical instructions. Sources: Mankind's secrets kept in lunar ark, by Maurice Chittenden for The Sunday Times http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article3511818.ece March 9, 2008. Plans for 'doomsday ark' on the moon, by Roger Highfield for Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2008/03/10/sciark110.xml March 10, 2008. ESA scientists are hoping to grow plants in the outpost within the next decade.
Message-Bottom | Comments-Top
Comments by robomoon
Plans could be divided into a 20- and 50-years-project. The 20-years-project comes first. It brings hard disks and transmitters to the moon. So if the question what to do if no receivers survived can be solved before the end of the 1st project, the 50-years-project should begin earlier than in 20 years. Tulips can be planted within the 50 years project. When people rush things like the research on biospheres on the moon, they loose opportunities which are needed to make the ark really secure.
Five hard disks, four different engines for space craft, three robots, two receivers, one rocket. That's an equipment which leaves opportunities for more. A few information banks on earth may be added after the robots have accomplished their tasks on the moon. Better construct these robots now and try further research later.
Airship travel slowly. Rockets are burning far more hydrogen fuel than propeller engines. Fast travel consumes too much of that energy source. But for global security, space travel may be unavoidable.
Athena Andreadis, Associate Professor of Cell Biology, blogged to http://lifeboat.com/blog/?p=132 | Title: Dreamers of a Better Future, Unite! | March 14th, 2008
Extraction and summary: Always a weathervane of the present, speculative fiction has been gazing more and more inwardly. Many science fiction authors became decisively earthbound. They consider space exploration a misguided waste of resources, a potentially dangerous distraction from here-and-now problems - ecological collapse, inequality and poverty, incurable diseases, etc. But there are those who still stubbornly dream of going to the stars. For an ideal crewmember of a space expedition: robust physical and mental health, biological and psychological adaptability, longevity, ability to interphase directly with components of the ship. Enhancements and augmentations eventually resulting in self-repairing quasi-immortals. Long space journeys will recreate isolated breeding pools with divergent technology and social mores.
Message-Bottom | Comments-Top
Comments by robomoon
Stressful occasions would affect a crewmember during a very long space expedition.
Solar radiation which causes cancer and reduced longevity of health. Reduced interaction with earthbound relatives and partners: It's bringing a state of strange mental performance. Unusual physical and biological conditions in space which are the reason for a slow biological and psychological adaptability after departure on Earth. Distance from an international business environment: No new directly installable components of the ship can be purchased by the crew.
In short, enhancements and augmentations eventually trigger self-destruction of senses and capabilities. Where are earthbound space-hating people?
Has anyone had a stay inside an aircraft in the sky for at least one month? But more than one year in MIR.
Have they sold highly expensive robots that crawl around in fragile airship for security? But some which were crawling around on Mars for space exploration.
Have they created a great fleet of slow aircraft for an intensified observation of ecology? But many space satellites for ground observation.
After all, rockets aren't big enough to gobble up biospheres like ordinary robot-devotees keep doing burgers.
Better draw a billion people away from using firewood for household energy needs. Let them make hydrogen with the energy from solar chimney power plants. Something better than traditional electrolysis should be among the pop culture of rocket fuel production, plus an extra bonus: Less deforestation keeps the rainforest alive and offers the chance to make human culture sustainable due to the diversity of life.
$153 million/city thin film plastic domes can protect against nuclear weapons and bad weather http://lifeboat.com/blog/?p=134 posted by Brian Wang on April 15th, 2008.
Extraction incl. referrals: Large concrete or nanomaterial monolithic or geodesic domes over cities which could protect a city from nuclear bombs - http://nextbigfuture.com/2007/07/nanotechnology-enhanced-domed-cities.html -. Now Alexander Bolonkin http://bolonkin.narod.ru/ has come up with an approach to a cheap closed AB-Dome which protects the densely populated cities from nuclear, chemical, biological weapons delivered by warheads, strategic missiles, rockets, and various incarnations of aviation technology. The dome's cover also shields a city from exterior weather and creates a fine climate.
Comment by robomoon: Pressure and heat of an explosion would destroy a film from the outside. Radiation could enter the dome anyway. If my critics aren't correct because of political strategy (however it may be), just pay a grant https://lifeboat.com/ex/grants to employ experts in science. Experts could outline a protocol as suggested in the message Science Prediction Markets http://www.acceleratingfuture.com/tom/?p=113 to evaluate the security of domes and other scientific theories in a professional way. When financial investments into scientific theories are there, they would accelerate the development of secure technologies.
Background: A contract should implement the usage of a protocol, as long as every theory can be rigorously tested in this manner. If the test shows a positive result, one party gets some money; if the test cannot be performed or shows a negative result, neither party gets anything.
Teacher Creates Solar-Electric Blimp http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/11/teacher_creates_solar_blimp.php posted by by Sami Grover on Dec. 3rd, 2007.
Extraction: - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VBTKEPAzvA - A homemade, solar-powered blimp constructed by Daniel Geery, an elementary school teacher, for less than $1000. Geery does see it as an indication of what could be done if we put our minds to it: If an elementary school teacher like myself can make this happen, with panels that are less than 6% efficient, it is worth contemplating ...
History: The Hyperblimp - http://hyperblimp.com/ -, an ultra-streamlined, low drag, airship that slips through the air, rather than pushing it aside. Inflatable with helium, a thin film plastic light-as-air (LAA) vehicle, propelled by central axis rear propeller. Extraction from Geery's "Brief history of the hyperblimp" reviewing "The Deltoid Pumpkin Seed", by John McPhee, 1973; Published by MacFarlane Walter & Ross, Canada. Library of Congress Cat. 72-84783. The book covers the exploits of The Aereon Corporation, founded in the late 1960's by Monroe Drew. It was Dr. Solomon Andrews, living in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, who developed an 80 foot long, 39 foot wide, 13 foot high airship, that could glide up and down, turn left and right, and carry him over the streets of New York City in the 1860s! Dr. Andrews invented and patented a couple of dozen other items as well, items such as the combination lock, the cigarette filter, and fumigators.
Resume: Hyperblimps are made of film instead of fabric. It's the preferred material for the AB-Dome too. Like fabric, plastic film can be optimized with a metallic coating. Obviously, it's the material which cheap blimps should be made of.
A double envelope implies two gas-tight envelopes. The hull consists of an outer envelope and a somewhat smaller envelope inside. The concept so far differs from a double-decker airship. So far, there is no hull which is exclusively below and separated from another one.
Increasing prices for helium set a great limit to the use of large blimps. Hydrogen as a cheap lifting gas requires fire inhibiting systems. So here is a way to implement a system against lingering hydrogen gas into current airship design: Exhaustive gases from a petrol engine contain a lower amount of oxygen than ambient air. Blimps as usual allow combustion engines for propelling. But it takes the physical analysis of a study on airstream between double envelopes before the following security update comes into play: Ventilation of exhaustive gases might remove any lingering hydrogen between the envelopes. Removal of hydrogen within the exclusion of oxygen enables higher security. References: The need to return to hydrogen in airships http://airshipworld.blogspot.com/2008/04/need-to-return-to-hydrogen-in-airships.html at Airshipworld Blog, 2008. Helium Shortage http://www.sciencefriday.com/program/archives/200710122 by Science Friday, 2007.
Nevertheless, the carbon contained in the exhaustive gases from a petrol engine may contribute to global warming. An eco-friendly alternative for ventilation between double envelopes contains a high amount of nitrogen gas. Air for ventilation between the envelopes must be freed from oxygen by an eco-friendly system. Reference: Carbon Monoxide and Density http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/chem03/chem03364.htm by users of NEWTON at the Argonne National Laboratory, 2004. Making Nitrogen http://nitrogengasgenerators.org/makingnitrogen.html by Dalco Nitrogen Systems, 2008.
http://www.transhumanism.org/resources/faq.html#36 "Will extended life worsen overpopulation problems?". Blogged referral http://www.acceleratingfuture.com/michael/blog/2008/05/overpopulation-problems/ "Overpopulation Problems" by Michael Anissimov on May 7, 2008.
Comments by robomoon: The so-called developing countries are overcrowded with older humans who don't care about technologies for space colonization. Those "experienced" people are against any world religion other than their own and they mostly care about the preparation of nutrition for daily consumption. Positive effects on prospective opportunities in outer space aren't available in most countries where life-extension is progressing. Check out South-America, Southeast Asia, and Africa, then review your attitude. When I say space colonization, I take http://www.search.com/reference/Space_colonization for its definition. The target location in http://www.transhumanism.org/resources/faq.html#36 isn't only outside the solar system, so it can't be no point of contention. Since missions to MIR and ISS weren't fake or scam, space colonization in orbit around the Earth is written history.
http://www.openthefuture.com/2008/05/how_many_earths.html How Many Earths? Blogged by Jamais Cascio on May 16, 2008.
Extraction: We would need more than one Earth to support the planet's population, especially if everyone lived like Americans. The number of Earths needed can vary greatly, depending upon who's doing the counting. 1.2 Earths - http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/002924.html - 2 Earths - http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/003984.html - 3 Earths - http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/007092.html - 5 Earths - http://www.naturalnews.com/022890.html - 10 Earths - http://books.google.com/books?id=jCKXpv-E5HsC&pg (Overshoot: The Ecological Basis of Revolutionary Change; Dependence on Phantom Carrying Capacity) - "N Earths" is a very fuzzy form of ecological accounting, much harder to calculate in any consistent and plausible way than (for example) carbon footprints.
Comment by robomoon: Actually, 1.25 earths are required. That number can be calculated with Samuel K. Moore's article How to Measure a City's Metabolism http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/jun07/5138 which mentions the global hectare. Our global footprint exceeds the Earth's resources by about 25 percent.
Extinction - Existential Risks & Modelearth!
About dangerous events that may destroy us and our ecology, posted http://lifeboat.com/blog/?p=133 to "Disruptions from small recessions to extinctions", the Lifeboat Foundation blog. Cross posted to http://forums.treehugger.com/viewtopic.php?t=4554 and http://ieet.org/index.php/forums/viewthread/13/ on June 10th, 2008.
Moderate danger now: One kind of a rather unknown phenomenon, for e.g., traveling black holes in space that could make a terrible bang like the impact of a big asteroid. Great danger as a slowly accelerating process: Changes of the ecosystem which make the atmosphere lacking a secure amount of oxygen after 10000 years.
Greatest danger as a quickly accelerating development: Artificial Intelligence in war. The World-model http://www.singinst.org/ourresearch/publications/GISAI/mind/worldmodel.html of General Intelligence and Seed AI is the reason why I'm posting this. I'd like to ask if Modelearth - http://www.modelearth.org/ - could be something of the World-model? Anyway, I'm a fan of what Hearthstone, the creator of Modelearth, has published. This isn't real science, so it's rather off-topic for a conference like Global Catastrophic Risks - http://www.global-catastrophic-risks.com/ -. Anyway, before I make any estimates in terms of computer-generated models, I'd like to ask: Could this become a risk in approximately ten years, due to progress in computer technologies?
Basically, three very different scenarios for a model can be outlined: 1st "best-case", 2nd "mean-case", and 3rd "worst-case". Someone who watches http://www.modelearth.org/artics.html finds the elementary concept of a scenario on which Modelearth is based upon. Thus, Modelearth is definitely the Best-Case Scenario in the form of web-pages.
Air travel as usual, including occurrences which support airplanes with jet-engines, is based on the Mean-Case Scenario. But since the engines of normal airplanes are run with non-renewable energy resources, the tendency goes towards the Worst-Case Scenario. The current way of long cruising in Sondola Airship vertical.htm#sondola doesn't support Modelearth in reality, but its tendency goes towards the opposite direction of air travel as usual. It's only the alternative in progress towards a sustainable ecology.
Actually, there are many countries with an ever growing population. Simply put: The more people, the more food, the more transportation. Not anyone is a farmer, so we must either travel to the food or the food must be transported to us. Industrialized countries cannot produce technologies to circumvent the transportation of goods over long distances without great changes in society. The economic change may be a reduced value of money. Thus, when consumers can't buy food, they die as a result of malnutrition. Is this economic solution against overpopulation good for Modelearth? Well, most people don't think so!
Overpopulation is the keyword which rational thinkers must defend against the agenda of some influential political leaders. Certain law makers restrict various kinds of marriage and keep control over the way in which humans mate and multiply. Thus, it's bad for that meme-shaping business to address overpopulation as the very cause of many dangers, with World War Three as a real existential risk. Also see "Extinction Risk: Demonstration Necessary?" - http://www.acceleratingfuture.com/michael/blog/?p=827 -. No thanks, an interactive model can be scary enough!
Add new information here. Airship, production of hydrogen, all allowed. Write about a travel above the rainforest and help ecology to get better. Design a program. It could be called a aviation program to enable social action in the sky for people who need no further streets in a sensitive environment like the rainforest.
The official argument against overpopulation was carrying capacity. The calculation involved the destruction of ecology. Too many people required intensive farming and hunting of endangered animals. The notion of overpopulation helped to encourage the UN and environmentalists in the conservation of natural resources. Todays argument should be that overpopulation elevates the inability of the human race to mitigate the power of existential risks. These risks include destruction of the ecology due to distant occurrences in space which can trigger insufferable changes on a global scale.
_CITE AS_: Vertical Growth shintoist.com/vertical.htm by robomoon or Robo Moon, 2009, Germany or the Moon.
Featured Pages (links updated until May, 2008)
http://lifeboat.com Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space: http://www.space4peace.org/ International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War: http://www.ippnw.org/ Treehugger news: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/11/teacher_creates_solar_blimp.php Future of Humanity Institute: http://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/ Accelerating Future risks links: http://www.acceleratingfuture.com/michael/blog/?cat=21 WIPO, Dual Hull Airship: http://www.wipo.int/pctdb/en/wo.jsp?WO=2004%2F016503&IA=WO2004%2F016503&DISPLAY=STATUS ESA press release about HALE Aerostatic Platforms: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/Pr_19_2000_p_EN.html Lindstrand Balloons, announcement about HALE: http://www.lindstrand.co.uk/hale.html UNFPA: http://www.unfpa.org New Scientist, Electronic Airship: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg14820054.200-electronic-airship.html SpaceDaily, record-breaking balloon: http://www.spacedaily.com/news/uav-05k.html ARC: http://arc-space.org/ Goodyear Blimp: http://www.goodyearblimp.com Times Online, Big Bang at the atomic lab: http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article1626728.ece Risk Evaluation Forum, Particle Collider: http://www.risk-evaluation-forum.org/anon1.htm Medical Observer, women's rights, Manila: http://www.medobserver.com/junjul2004/iflikhaan.html Pro-Natura International: http://www.pronatura.org/ CBCN, conservation network: http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/
Wikipedia multihull: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multihull Search catamaran and airship: http://www.search.com/search?q=catamaran+airship Russian Space Web chronology 20st Century: http://www.russianspaceweb.com/chronology_XX.html HRP: http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/management/index_hrp.html Finance: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/17/magazine/17charity.t.html?_r=1&pagewanted=5&oref=slogin Gizmag, tandem high-flying airships: http://www.gizmag.com/tandem-high-flying-airships/8356/ Total Pole Airship: http://www.jeanlouisetienne.fr/poleairship/EN/magazine.cfm?nummag=8 World Overpopulation Awareness, population: http://overpopulation.org/
Aircraft for the convenient access of remote areas to promote family planning in many possible regions. Dual hull design for long-distance travel. Outlined for the steady observation and control of critical areas on the ground.
Elementary concept of the double-decker airship. Blue lines: Two envelopes, one above the other.
Black lines: Catenary cables which lead through both envelopes. Red ellipse: Gondola near the blimp's front. Green part: Engine and propeller.
Yellow: Valve at a hose where helium moves between two envelopes. Blue rectangles: Hydrogen bags. Pink ellipse: Capsule for a fuel cell, electric engines, and hydrogen storage tanks.
For additional security, the hydrogen bags are surrounded by helium which is the blimp's primary lifting gas.
(Concept available at shintoist.com/l/media/ since 1.2.08. Edited and updated 23. June, 08. Moved to archive.org and URL's updated 23. November, 08.)
Caching, January, 2009
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